More About Jute - The Golden Fibre

Cultivation: Jute Processing – A Complete Guide

Jute is a bio degradable crop grown mainly in the Ganges delta. It is one of the most important natural fibers after cotton in terms of cultivation and usage. Major parts of West Bengal are involved in Jute cultivation.

Kinds of Jute

Kind of jute plant Brief Description Varieties of this plant available Where grown (Districts, States) Used for making
img White Jute (Corchorus Capsularies) White Jute is an erect, annual to perennial plant that grows about two or more meters in height, unbranched or with only a few side branches. The stems are usually purplish. The leaves are 5-12 cm long, pointed at the tip and rounded at the base, with tail-like projections on each side of the midrib, and toothed at the margins. The flowers are borne in small groups in the axils of the leaves, and are about 4 mm long. The sepals are often purplish and the petals are yellow. 1. JRC 321 (Sonali)
2. JRC 212 (Sabuj sona)
3. JRC 7447 (Shyamali)
4. JRC 4444 (Baldev)
5. Hybrid C (Padma)
6. UPC 94 (Reshma)
7. JRC 698 (Shrabanti white)
8. KC 1 (Joydev)
9. KTC 1 (Rajendra Sada Pat 1)
10. Bidhan Pat-3
11. Bidhan Pat-1
12. Bidhan Pat-2
13. JRC 80 (Mitali)
14. JRC 532 (Sashi)
15. JRC 517 (Sidhartha)
16. RRPS 27 C 3 (Monalisa)
17. NDC 2008 (Ankit)
18. JBC 5 (Arpita)
19. JRCM 2 (Partha)
20. KJC 7 (Shrestha)
21. JRC 9057 (Ishani)
22. AAUCJ 2 (Kkhyati)
23. BCCC 1
24. BCCC 2 (Bidhan Pat-5)
West Bengal - North 24 pgs, Nadia, Bihar - Katihar (i) Hessian Bag
(ii) Carpet Backing Cloth
img Tossa Jute (Corchorus Olitorius) Tossa jute fiber is softer, silkier, and stronger than white jute. It is an annual, much-branched herb 90-120 cm tall. Leaves are 6-10 cm long, 3.5-5 cm broad, The leaves are rounded at the base; leaf stalks 2-2.5 cm long. Flowers are pale yellow; bracts lance-like. Sepals are 3 mm long, oblong. Petals are 5 mm long, oblong spoon-shaped. 1.JRO 632 (Baisakhi tossa)
2. JRO 878 (Chaitali tossa)
3. JRO 7835 (Basudev)
4. JRO 524 (Navin)
5. TJ 40 (Mahadev)
6. JRO 3690 (Savitri)
7. KOM 62 (Rebati)
8. JRO 66 (Golden jubilee tossa)
9. JRO 8432 (Shakti tossa)
10. JRO 128 (Surya)
11. S 19 (Subala)
12. JRO 204 (Suren)
13. AAUOJ 1 (Tarun)
14. JBO 2003H (Ira)
15. CO 58 (Sourav)
16. JBO 1 (Sudhangshu)
17. JROM 1 (Pradip)
18. JROG 1 (Rithika)
19. JRO 2407 (Samapti)
20. KRO 4 (Gouranga)
21. BCCO 6 (Kisan Pat)
22. NJ 7010 (Rani)
23. JROMU 1
West Bengal, Assam, Bihar and Odisha (i) Ropes
(ii) Sacks
(iii) Burlap
img Bimli Jute ( Hibiscus cannabinus) It is an annual or biennial herbaceous plant (rarely a short-lived perennial) growing to 1.5–3.5 m tall with a woody base. The stems are 1–2 cm diameter, often but not always branched. The leaves are 10–15 cm long, variable in shape, with leaves near the base of the stems being deeply lobed with 3–7 lobes, while leaves near the top of the stem are shallowly lobed or unlobed lanceolate. The flowers are 8–15 cm diameter, white, yellow, or purple; when white or yellow, the centre is still dark purple. The fruit is a capsule 2 cm diameter, containing several seeds. 1.HC 583
2. AMC 108 (Bimal)
3. MT 150(Nirnal)
4. JBM 2004 D (Sumit)
5. JRM 3 (Sneha)
6. JRM 5 (Shrestha)
7. JBM 81 (Shakti)
8. JBM 71 (Shanti)
9. JRKM 9 1(Satyen)
10. JBMP 2 (Central Kenaf)
11. JBMP 3 (Priya)
12. JBMP 4 (Utkarsh)
13. Centra Kenaf JRHC
West Bengal, Assam, Bihar, Odisha, Tripura, Meghalaya and Andhra Pradesh (i) Carpet Backing Yarn
(ii) Cordage
(iii) Canvas

Type of Jute Products

ITC Code Item Name & Description Item Image
53101013, 63051030, 63051050

HESSIAN (or BURLAP):
Hessian (or Burlap) is a plain woven fabric weighing 41/2 oz to 18 oz a yard (139.5 gm to 434.0 gm per meter) with a normal basic width of 40″ (101.6 cm). A wide range of hessian bags is manufactured to meet various packaging needs.

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53101012, 63051020, 63051040

SACKING:
Sacking is heavy, loosely-woven cloth, manufactured from Coarser yarn either plain or Twills, weighing from 12 oz to 24 oz a yard (372 gms to 744.1 gms a meter) of different width. Sacking bags are used as containers for packaging of various of commodities.

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53101012, 63051020, 63051040

FOOD GRADE JUTE CLOTH/BAGs (using RBO II Technology and satisfying IJO98/01 Standard):
Used for food packaging, this eco-friendly jute product keeps foods fresh by keeping them at normal temperature

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53071010, 53071090, 53072000, 56071010

YARN:
Made by interlocking Jute fibre, Yarn is mostly used in carpet industry which provides the carpet manufacturers to produce good quality of carpets at lower cost

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53101011

CARPET BACKING CLOTH:
Carpet Backing Cloth is a special quality Broad-loom woven hessian weighing from 5.5 oz to 13.25 oz per yard (170.5 gms to 410.8 gms per meter) with the width range varying from 29″ to 111″ (73.8 cm to 281.9 cm) for Narrow Carpet Backing and 112″ to 200″ ( 284.5 cm to 508 cm) and above for wide Carpet Backing.

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63019010

BLANKET:
This hand woven soft texture jute product with sustainable properties adds colour in home decoration.

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53101091, 53109010, 53109020, 53109091, 53109092, 53109093

DECORATIVE FABRICS:
These fabrics are used in making cushion covers, curtains, bed sheets and many more for home furnishing.

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57050031, 57050032, 57050039, 59049010

FLOOR COVERINGS:
Made by jute fabrics, this product is mostly used in bedrooms and snugs because of its soft texture which is a pleasant feeling for the foot.

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42022230

HAND & SHOPPING BAGS:
These jute bags are not only fashionable and handy but also have the capacity of bearing loads.

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Type of Corporate Jute Products

Product Name Used For Item Image
Jute Folder

Student Monk Jute Stylish Document Folder for Office and School use.

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Carry Bag

Custom printed cotton carry bag for use of shopping / business.

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Jute Shoe

Eco-friendly resins and rubber is used in the foot beds to make the footwear comfortable for the feet.

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Jute Box

Jute Box is extremely light in weight and easy to carry for various packaging purposes.

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Jute Basket

Jute basket uses for carrying and storing the material and home use accessory with multiple applications.

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Jute Crop in India

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Jute Industry

+ What is Jute & when it is sown & harvested?

Jute is a cash crop and it is sown from March-May and harvested from end of June to September upon the weather conditions.

+ Where Jute is used?

Jute is used mainly for manufacturing of Sacking, Hessian, and other products. It is one of the most versatile fiber and also it is eco – friendly which has various uses in the form of handicraft items.

+ In which areas decorative Jute based Fabrics are used?

It is mainly used in furnishing, carpets, upholstery, blankets, shopping bags and other home made textiles.

+ Which are the major countries where jute diversified product are exported?

USA, UK, South Korea, Italy, Germany and Spain.

+ What is jute diversification?

Today jute has become versatile in the shape of a wider range of consumer products. Utilization of jute for the making of market worthy products has opened up huge opportunity for employment generation. A wide range of diversified jute products are increasing every day. These diversified jute products include fancy jute bags, soft luggage, footwear, door panels, check sarees, wide range of furnishing, gift items, table lamps, floor decor, well decor and many more items.

+ What are the advantages of jute bags in comparison of poly sacks?

Jute bags are environment friendly product and a natural alternative with inherent advantages. Jute bags are completely biodegradable, where the toxic effects of synthetics are serious that several western countries have banned it for use in food products. Jute is an agricultural product while synthetic bags are manufactured from polyester granules as a by products of naptha, which poses a number if hazards. Jute bags have also advantages over synthetic bags as : more stackability, does not easily tear, re-usability, porosity, space utilization, withstand at high temperature and many more.

+ What are the basic jute products?

The basic jute products manufactured in jute mills are : Hessian Cloths, sacking Cloths, Jute Yarn, Carpet Backing Cloths (CBC), Bags, Twines, D.W. Tarpaulin/ P.W. canvas, Shopping bags, Geo-textiles, Jute Mats and floor coverings, Tobacco sheets, carpets etc.

+ What is Jute Geo–textile?

Jute Geo-textile is a verity of jute available in woven and non-woven fabrics used for natural options to save the environment. Jute being an eco-friendly have the distinguishing features such as: High moisture absorption capacity, flexibility and drainage properties. Geo jute used in erosion control, separation, filtration and drainage in civil engineering work, and agricultural uses. It also has application in rural road pavement construction and agro plant mulching.

+ What are the advantages of using Jute fabrics over Polypropylene / Polyethylene?

Jute is environment friendly and completely biodegradable. Synthetics possess a number of hazardswith serious toxic effects – in both the production and disposed aspects of it – that many western countries have banned it for use in food products.

Jute is an indigenous product while synthetic bags manufactured from polyester granules whoseconstituents pose a number of hazards. The noxious gases, particles and volatile organic compounds emitted create pollution and slow poisoning the earth during its disposals.

Jute bags have porosity, easily withstand the high temperature and much stronger than poly sacks. Jute bags can be re-used and can easily be repaired.

+ What are the different grade of Raw Jute?

Raw jute is classified according to quality of jute and its application. The fine quality white raw jute is graded as W1, W2, W3, — to W8. The Tossa raw jute is graded from TD1, TD2, – to TD8. Mesta raw jute is graded as Mesta Top, Mesta Mid, Mesta Bottom etc.. Jute mills and jute brokers also grades the raw jute according to jute growing regions. The lowest grade is termed as cuttings.

+ Why to use the JUTE BAG?

It’s important to think about the long term environmental and economic impact of the products we use daily. It’s clear that a reusable product made with recyclable materials that is also easily recycled will always be the preferable product. Moreover, we believe that a key solution to the solid waste problem is to get away, as much as possible, from disposable products and to focus on using reusable/recyclable/sustainable products wherever we can. That is why THE JUTE BAG is The Better Solution!

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