Jute enhances aesthetic beauty and grandeur

Jute enhances aesthetic beauty and grandeur

Author: Shanta Chatterjee | Contributor
S. No.: IJMA/FOI/21122020/1612/JS-36
Date: 21-12-2020 | Time: 16:12 pm
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About the Author

: Shanta Chatterjee is a housewife who left teaching after seven years of nurturing young minds. Now, she stays at home, looks after her family and tries her hand at writing for various publications.


: About two lakh workers in West Bengal and four lakh workers across the world are associated with this industry. The Jute industry in India is 150 years old. There are 92 jute mills in the country of which 70 are in West Bengal.

A wall hanging made of jute daintily occupying a corner of our room or drawing room not only arrests attention but also enhances the aesthetic beauty and grandeur of the place. Jute products such as jute flower pots, handwoven jute rug, organic jute table mats, stool, ladies handbag, ropes, carpet backing cloth, food-grade bags and sacks, cushion covers, coffee cup sleeves are all stylish, trendy, and very much in fashion.

The fashionable ladies’ handbags have become every women’s delight and are preferred over any other materials and products. Jute products spice up the dignity and glamour of its beholder. Exquisite jute table mats, pot holders glorify the entire place where they prevail.

Jute products are considered a notch above plastic products. Their intrinsic biodegradable trait makes them distinct. This biodegradable quality is in turn, beneficial to our Mother Earth as well as to her creatures. Jute takes two to three years to decompose and get amalgamated into the soil without emitting any toxic fumes or harming our ecosystem. At the same time, it is eco-friendly and reusable.

Jute bags are hardy, sustainable, fashionable, trendy, and washable which makes them the most desired product for most of us. Its inherent golden colour with silky texture and shine imparts natural colour and beauty to its products. Jute is also known as ‘Golden Fibre’ due its bright yellowish golden colour. Jute is a natural, long, soft, radiant vegetable fibre belonging to the Corchorus family. Jute fibres are mainly comprise cellulose which is a significant ingredient of plant fibre and lignin an important component of wood fibre. So it results in ligno cellulosic fibre, which is a blend of textile fibre and wood. Jute is the only crop where earnings begin to trickle in way before the fibre harvest.

The seeds are sowed in between April, May and harvested between July and August. Each parts of the tall hardy grass, which shoots up to 2.5 meters has various uses. The leaves are sold in the markets, which can be cooked and eaten.The outer layer of the stem produces fibre from which jute products are made, the inner woody stem can be used to manufacture paper and the leftover roots are used to improve the yield of subsequent crops. This wonder crop not only gives higher return compared to cash and food crop but also it is a massive winner on the sustainability front.

Cotton is succeeded by jute in production, it ranks second to cotton. As it is one of the cheapest natural fibre whose demand is ever increasing. Jute is cultivated predominantly in India. West Bengal, Assam, Bihar are the major jute producing states in India. The climate of Bengal, Bihar, Assam is optimum for its growth and cultivation. Jute cultivation mainly requires warm and wet climate, which is prevalent in these regions.

Jute cultivation has become a predominate source of income for many farmers. It generates work for lakhs of farmers, labourers, and, industrial workers. From the cultivation of raw jute to processing of jute fibres, spinning, weaving, bleaching, dyeing, finishing, and marketing both raw jute and its finished product; it creates employment opportunities for millions of households. About two lakh workers in West Bengal and four lakh workers across the world are associated with this industry.
The Jute industry in India is 150 years old. There are 92 jute mills in the country of which 70 are in West Bengal.

Wellington, our first Jute mill, was set up at Rishra near Calcutta (now Kolkata) in 1855 on the banks of the Hooghly River. Jute mills flourished in Bengal owing to abundant supply of cheap labour, huge coal resources, favourable weather conditions, and the location of the city near the river as an added advantage. This resulted in Calcutta turning into a shipping hub for goods to the world market. The main commodities woven by jute are coarse bagging materials produced from burlap or hessian.



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